the opening chapters of agota kristof’s yesterday


Ágota Kristóf is an Hungarian writer, who lives in Switzerland and writes in French.

Kristof was born on October 30, 1935. At the age of 21 she had to leave her country when the Hungarian anti-communist revolution was suppressed by the Soviet military. She, her husband (who used to be her history teacher at school) and their 4 month-old daughter escaped to Neuchâtel in Switzerland. After 5 years of loneliness and exile, she quit her work in a factory and left her husband. She started studying French and began to write novels in that language.

In 1986 Kristof’s first novel, The Notebook, appeared. It was the beginning of a moving trilogy. The sequel titled The Proof came 2 years later. The third part was published in 1991 under the title The Third Lie. The most important themes of this trilogy are war and destruction, love and loneliness, desire and loss, truth and fiction. In 1995 she published the short novel, Yesterday.

The video game Mother 3 was influenced by The Notebook‘s major themes. Main characters Lucas and Claus are named after the book’s narrators.

—pulled from wikipedia:; see also

There’s something Nabokovian about Kristof’s background: a native of Hungary, she lives in Switzerland  and writes in French. Yesterday examines the fractured history of the “New Europe” and shows how political faultlines crack their way into the pysches of history’s victims.  


Yesterday everything was more beautiful

the music in the trees

the wind in my hair

and in your outstretched hands

the sun




Yesterday, a familiar wind was blowing. A wind I had come across before.


Spring had come early. I was walking in the wind with a brisk, determined step, as every morning. Yet I wanted to go back to my bed and lie there, motionless, without thoughts, without desires, lie there until the moment when I felt the presence of that thing which is not voice, taste or smell, simply a very vague memory, something from beyond the borders of memory.


Slowly, the door opened and in a moment of terror my dangling hands felt the soft, silky fur of the tiger.


‘Music,’ it said. ‘Play something! On the violin or the piano. Preferably the piano. Play!’


‘I don’t know how,’ I said. ‘I’ve never played the piano in my whole life, I don’t have a piano, I’ve never had one.’


‘In your whole life? Nonsense! Go to the window and play!’


Outside my window there was a forest. I saw the birds gathering on the branches to listen to me playing. I saw the birds. Their little heads tilted and their staring eyes looking right through me.


My music grew louder and louder. It became unbearable.


A dead bird fell from a branch.


The music stopped.


I turned round.


The tiger sat in the middle of the room, smiling.


‘That’s enough for today,’ it said. ‘You should practise more often.’


‘Yes, I promise I will practise. But I’m expecting visitors, you see, if you don’t mind. They, these people, might find it strange, you being here, in my house.’


‘Of course,’ it said with a yawn.


It wentout with a supple stride and I doublelocked the door behind it.


‘See you again,’ it called out as it left.





Line was waiting for me at the factory entrance, leaning against the wall. She looked so pale and sad that I decided to stop and talk to her. However, I walked past her, not even turning my head in her direction.


A short while later, after I had started up my machine, she stood next to me.


‘You know, it’s strange. I’ve never seen you laugh. I’ve known you for years. In all the years I’ve known you, I haven’t seen you laugh once.’


I looked at her and burst out laughing.


‘I’d rather you didn’t do that,’ she said.


At that moment I felt a stab of anxiety and I leaned over to the window to see whether the wind was still there. The movement of the trees reassured me.


When I turned round, Line had gone. Then I spoke to her:


‘Line, I love you. I really love you, Line, but I don’t have time to think about that, there are so many things I have to think about, this wind, for example, I have to go out now and walk in the wind. Not with you, Line, don’t be angry. Walking in the wind is something you have to do alone, because there is a tiger and a piano whose music kills birds, and only the wind can banish the fear, it’s a well-known fact, I’ve been aware of it for a long time.’


The machines rang out the Angelus all around me.


I walked along the corridor. The door was open.


This door was always open and I had never tried to leave by this door.







The wind swept the streets. These empty streets seemed strange to me. I had never seen them on a weekday morning.


Later, I sat down on a stone bench and cried.


In the afternoon, the sun came out. There were small clouds scurrying across the sky and it was very mild.

I went into a café, I was hungry. The waiter placed a plate of sandwiches in front of me.


I said to myself:


‘Now you must go back to the factory. You must go hack, you have no reason for being off work. Yes, now I will go back.’


I started crying again and I noticed that I had eaten all the sandwiches.


I took the bus to save time. It was three o’clock in the afternoon. I could put in another two and a half hours’ work.


The sky clouded over.


When the bus went past the factory, the conductor looked at me. Further on, he tapped me on the shoulder.


‘End of the line, sir.’


The place where I got off was a sort of park. Trees, a few houses. It was already dark when I went into the forest.


Now the rain was getting heavy, it was mixed with snow. The wind was lashing my face. But it was him, the same wind.


I walked, faster and faster, towards a summit.


I closed my eyes. I couldn’t see anything in any case. With each step I bumped into a tree. ‘Water!’


Way above me, someone had called out.


It was ridiculous, there was water everywhere.


I, too, was thirsty. I threw my head back, spread my arms and let myself fall. I shoved my face into the cold mud and I didn’t move.


That’s how I died.


Soon my body mingled with the earth.

Of course, I didn’t die. A walker found me lying in the mud, in the middle of the forest. He called an ambulance, I was taken to hospital. I wasn’t even frozen, just soaked through. I had slept one night in the forest and that’s all.


No, I wasn’t dead, I merely had a bout of pneumonia that was nearly fatal. I had to stay in hospital for six weeks. Once my lung condition had been cured, I was transferred to the psychiatric wing, because I had tried to kill myself.


I was happy to stay in hospital, because I didn’t want to go back to the factory. I was fine here, I was looked after, I could sleep. At mealtimes I had a choice of several different menus. I could even smoke iii the small sitting room. I could also smoke when I wits talking with the doctor.


‘You can’t write your own death.’


The psychiatrist said this to me, and I agreed with him, because, when you are dead, you can’t write. hut in myself I think that I can write anything, even of it is impossible and even if it is not true.


Usually, I am happy to write in my head. It’s easier. In your head there are no difficulties to get in the way. But, as soon as you write anything down, the thoughts change, become distorted, and everything turns out false. Because of words.


The trouble is, I don’t write what I ought to write, I write just anything, things that no one can understand and that I don’t understand myself. In the evening, when I copy out what I have written in my head all day long, I wonder why I wrote all that. For whom and for what reason?





The psychiatrist asks me:


‘Who is Line?’


‘I made Line up. She doesn’t exist.’ ‘The tiger, the piano, the birds?’


‘Nightmares, that’s all.’


‘Did you try to kill yourself because of your nightmares?’


‘If I had really tried to kill myself, I would already be dead. I only wanted to rest. I couldn’t go on living like that, the factory and everything else, Line’s absence, the absence of hope. Getting up at five in the morning, walking, running down the street to catch the bus, the forty-minute journey, arriving at the fourth village, going inside the factory. Rushing to pull on the grey overall, getting through the crush to clock in, running to your machine, starting it up, drilling the hole as quickly as possible, drilling, drilling, always the same hole in the same part, ten thousand times a day, if possible, our salaries depend on our workrate, our lives.’


The doctor says:


‘That’s the working man’s life. Be thankful you have a job. Lots of people are unemployed. As for Line … There’s a pretty young blonde girl who comes to see you every day. Why couldn’t her name be Line?’


‘Because she is Yolande and she will never be called Line. She isn’t Line, she is Yolande. It’s a stupid name, isn’t it? And she is just as stupid as her name. Her dyed blonde hair gathered up on top of her head, lier nails painted pink, as long as claws, her ten-centimetre-high stilettos. Yolande is small, very small, so she wears shoes with ten-centimetre heels and has a ridiculous hairstyle.’


The doctor laughs:


‘So why do you go on seeing her?’


‘Because I don’t have anyone else. And because I don’t want to change. I once changed a lot and I am tired of it. Anyway, what difference does it make, one Yolande or another? I go to her place once a week. She cooks and I bring the wine. We’re not in love.’


The doctor says:


‘Perhaps not as far as you’re concerned. But do you know what her feelings are?’


‘I don’t want to know. I’m not interested in her feelings. I’ll go on seeing her until Line arrives.’


‘You still believe she will?’


‘Definitely. I know she exists somewhere. I’ve always known that I came into this world only to meet her. And her, too. She came into this world only to meet me. She is called Line, she is my wife, my love, my life. I have never seen her.’





I met Yolande when I was buying some socks. Black ones, grey ones, white tennis socks. I don’t play tennis.


The first time I saw Yolande, I thought she was very beautiful. Graceful. She tilted her head as she handed over the socks, she smiled, she was almost dancing.


I paid for the socks, I asked her: ‘Can I see you some time?’


She gave a silly laugh, but I didn’t care about her silliness. I only cared about her body.


‘Wait for me in the café over the road. I get off at five.’


I bought a bottle of wine, then I waited in the café over the road with my socks in a plastic bag.


Yolande arrived. We had a coffee, then we went to her place.


She’s a good cook.


Yolande might seem prettier to someone who hasn’t seen her first thing in the morning.


Then she is nothing but a little crumpled thing, her hair hangs down, her make-up is a mess, she has large rings of kohl around her eyes.


I watch her as she goes into the shower, her legs are thin, she has hardly any buttocks or breasts.


She is in the bathroom for at least an hour. When she comes out she is the fresh and pretty Yolande again, well groomed, well made-up, perched on her ten-centimetre heels. Smiling. Laughing in her stupid way.


Usually, I go back home late on Saturday evening, but sometimes I stay over until Sunday morning. On those occasions, I also have breakfast with her.


She goes to get some croissants at the baker’s, which is open on Sundays, twenty minutes’ walk from her place. She makes some coffee.


We eat. Then I go home.


What does Yolande do on Sunday after I leave? I don’t know. I’ve never asked her.


read more kristof…